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Sweden Is Right. The Economy Should be Left Open

瑞典是对的,经济应该保持开放。



Sometimes, the best thing to do, is to do nothing at all. Take Sweden, for example, where the government decided not to shut down the economy, but to take a more thoughtful and balanced approach. Sweden has kept its primary schools, restaurants, shops and gyms open for business even though fewer people are out in public or carrying on as they normally would. At the same time, the government has kept the Swedish people well-informed so they understand the risks the virus poses to their health and the health of others. This is how the Swedes have minimized their chances of getting the infection while avoiding more extreme measures like shelter-in-place which is de facto house arrest.

有时候,最好的应对方式,就是什么都不做。以瑞典为例,该国政府决定不关停经济,而是采取了一个更深思熟虑和均衡的方法。瑞典的小学,餐馆,商店和体育馆都照常营业,尽管越来越少的人会出门或者像他们平常那样生活。与此同时,瑞典政府让瑞典人充分了解病毒的危害,所以他们明白该病毒对他们以及其他人的健康构成的风险。这就是瑞典人如何尽量减少他们感染的机会,同时避免采取更激进的措施,比如就地临时避难,这实际上是软禁。

What the Swedish experiment demonstrates, is that there’s a way to navigate these unprecedented public health challenges without recklessly imposing police state policies and without doing irreparable harm to the economy. And, yes, the results of this experiment are not yet known, but what we do know is that most nations cannot simply print-up trillions of dollars to counter the knock-on effects of bringing the economy to a screeching halt. These countries must dip into their reserves or take out loans from the IMF in order to recover from the lack of production and activity. That means they’re going to face years of slow growth and high unemployment to dig out from the mess their leaders created for them.

瑞典的试验表明,有一种方法可以驾驭这些前所未见的公共卫生挑战,没有鲁莽的强加警察国家政策,也没有对经济造成不能挽回的伤害。是的,这个试验的结果目前还不为人所知,但是我们确实知道的是,大部分国家没办法简单的印出数万亿美元,来抵消经济急刹车带来的连锁反应。为了恢复缺失的生产和活动,这些国家必须动用他们的储备或者从国际货币基金组织获得贷款。这意味着为了摆脱他们的领导人给他们制造的混乱,他们将面临数年的低增长和高失业情况。

(译注:原文有点长,翻这两段意思一下,大意就是这样,认为欧美国家的也不见得比瑞典的好,瑞典的虽然未必有那么好,但是好像也没那么差,而且他们保住了自由!!)